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干冰的用途有哪些

   液态二氧化碳在常温下是高压储存的,温度20℃,压力为5.73MPa时二氧化碳会液化。 降低液态的二氧化碳的压强,一部分液态二氧化碳蒸发,吸收大量的热,使另一部分二氧化碳被冷却成雪状固体。把雪状固态二氧化碳压实,即得干冰。(或将液态二氧化碳冷却到-21.1℃,压力为0.415MPa,也可形成固态二氧化碳。)


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干冰在融化时直接变成气体,融化的过程中吸收热量,从而降低了周围的温度。所以,干冰经常被用来做致冷剂。用飞机在高空中喷撒干冰,可以使空气中的水蒸气凝结,从而形成人工降雨。